晴報專欄 – 人類還有未來嗎?

有學者曾經說過,教育是為未來的生活做準備,而教育的其中一個功能是要保證人類這個物種得以延續。如果大家都同意,那麼最近全球性罷課行動大家也應該不會反對。出生於瑞典的16歲少女Greta Thunberg,從去年起發動School Strike for Climate行動,利用上課時間到瑞典國會爭取政府正視「巴黎協議」,盡快立例監管碳排放。之後得到更多學生的支持,演變成Fridays For Future的周五罷課,全球270個城市有超過二萬名學生響應,包括香港。

Greta獲邀到TED、聯合國氣候變化大會及世界經濟論壇等等活動發言,更獲得諾貝爾和平獎提名。她演說的聲調溫婉平庸但非常有力,「有些人、有些企業或一些決策者都知道賺錢背後的沉重代價。」「少數人為着賺取更大的利潤而不顧地球的安危。」「我們的家着火了!我要你驚恐,因為我每天也為這驚慌失措。」

人類不顧一切的耗盡地球資源、污染自己唯一的家園,年輕人為自己和後代的未來奮力抗爭,就是要為未來的生活準備、讓人類得以延續。

原文刊登於 晴報

Photo Credit: Anders Hellberg

食品不安全!?其實,你我都是共犯 (3) Food Insecurity!? We are the accomplice indeed (3)

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獲得2010年TED大獎的Jamie Oliver,則更進一步告訴我們解決的方法。他是一位英國廚師與烹飪推廣家,以原味主廚(The Naked Chef)之名廣為人知,他因擅長使用有機食材,以及幫助改變英國學校的飲食習慣而為人熟悉。

Jamie Oliver被稱作是廚師界的「貝克漢」,他的有名不完全是因為大家知道他會做菜,或是在電視上常看他做菜,而是他除了做菜,對於吃這個議題他總有獨到的眼光。他曾在倫敦開了一間叫做「fifteen」的餐廳找了十五個不會做菜的街頭年輕人,教他們做菜,如今這家餐廳已成為倫敦的頭牌餐廳了,沒訂位別想吃,取消訂位還得交錢作為Cheeky Chops的基金!

而他最轟動的事,就是挑戰英國學童的「垃圾午餐」,經過深入的查訪,他發現英國學童營養午餐只能用「垃圾」二字形容。他上書到唐寧街十號 ─ 英國首相官邸 ─ 為「眾生」請命。並發起了「反垃圾食品運動」,一時之間社會輿論沸沸揚揚,同時又遇上大選年,這件事成了政黨政治攻防的話題,逼得政府採取改善的行動,在學生午餐的經費與菜色上都作了很大的提升。自此他的形象再度更迭,更高一層到了「關心國家人民」的崇高地步,英國的教師聯盟甚至呼籲封他為爵士。

Jamie Oliver has been drawn to the kitchen since he was a child working in his father’s pub-restaurant. He showed not only a precocious culinary talent but also a passion for creating (and talking about) fresh, honest, delicious food. In the past decade, the shaggy-haired “Naked Chef” of late-’90s BBC2 has built a worldwide media conglomerate of TV shows, books, cookware and magazines, all based on a formula of simple, unpretentious food that invites everyone to get busy in the kitchen. And as much as his cooking is generous, so is his business model — his Fifteen Foundation, for instance, trains young chefs from challenged backgrounds to run four of his restaurants.

Now, Oliver is using his fame and charm to bring attention to the changes that Brits and Americans need to make in their lifestyles and diet. Campaigns such as Jamie’s School Dinner, Ministry of Food and Food Revolution USA combine Oliver’s culinary tools, cookbooks and television, with serious activism and community organizing — to create change on both the individual and governmental level.

這場TED演講,則是他分享了他在西維吉尼亞州(美國肥胖人口最多的一個州)亨丁頓市進行對抗肥胖計畫時,所遭遇的動人故事。

開宗明義,Jamie Oliver這麼說,未來,你孩子的壽命,將會比你的壽命還短,會短上十年,而這是由於我們提供給他們的各式食物所造成的。

Jamie Oliver started his talk with this, “Sadly, in the next 18 minutes when I do our chat, four Americans that are alive will be dead from the food that they eat.”

他點出幾個問題:

一、現在的食物,它們被高度加工,並含有大量食品添加物,多餘的調味;他舉例,就連牛奶都是如此,因為,食品業者發現, 如果你加入大量的香料、色素和糖份到牛奶裡面,會有更多的孩子願意去喝牛奶。

二、蔬菜含量遠遠不夠,竟然連薯條都被認為是蔬菜的一種,尤其,學校裡竟然不能允許使用刀叉(指美國與英國),這根本是在助長速食的廣泛。

三、最可怕的是,食物標示根本是個大問題, 食物的成份標示竟然由食品業者自行主動申護,要想他們能靠自我把關,根本就是球員兼裁判。

He pointed out few issues:

  1. The food we are purchasing now, most of them are being heavily processed, with lots of addictive, favors. For example, even for the milk. The manufacturer put loads of flavorings and colorings and sugar in milk, right, more kids will drink it.
  2. There’s not enough veggies at all. French fries are considered a vegetable. Knives and forks? No, they’re too dangerous. It is to encourage the fast food diet.
  3. Labeling is a massive problem. They want to be self — they want to self-police themselves. The industry wants to self-police themselves.

因此,Jamie Oliver鼓吹自己作菜(他畢竟是個廚師),他認為作法應該是如此:

在每一個主要超市內安排一個食物大使。由他們從採買當季食物教導起,並教我們如何烹調快速、好吃的食物, 給那些忙碌的人們。

Jamie Oliver encourage everyone to cook for themselves and their families and he thinks something should be done:

They owe us, to put a food ambassador in every major supermarket. They need to help us shop. They need to show us how to cook quick, tasty, seasonal meals for people that are busy. This is not expensive.

接著,應該要從小做起,要使每一個孩童在離開學校前,知道如何烹煮十道菜,這件事非常地重要, 這將會拯救他們的生命;這同時也是一種生活技巧。

Under the circumstances, it’s profoundly important that every single American child leaves school knowing how to cook 10 recipes that will save their life. Life skills.

此外,大家應該要不藏私,烹飪技術必須要將其當作是一種生活哲學般的傳遞下去。如果一個人教導三個人如何做某樣菜,然後他們又再教導三個他們的夥伴,大家只需要重複這樣做 25 次, 這就是全美國的人口數了。

But the home needs to start passing on cooking again, for sure. For sure, pass it on as a philosophy. And for me it’s quite romantic, but it’s about if one person teaches three people how to cook something, and they teach three of their mates, that only has to repeat itself 25 times, and that’s the whole population of America.

資料來源:TED x Taipei
Source: TED
圖片 Photo: Jamie Oliver facebook

新聞稿 Press Release: 為食起革命免費烹飪示範、分享會,鼓勵港人識食更惜食 Free Cooking Demo, Sharing Sessions to be held in May

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新聞稿

全球飲食倡議Jamie Oliver 為食起革命 即將在港舉行
免費烹飪示範、分享會 鼓勵港人識食更惜食

為響應 英國名廚及飲食改革家 Jamie Oliver (2010 TED 大獎勝出者) 的號召,本港將與全球超過 62個國家的代表分別在世界各地舉辦超過一千個飲食關注活動。

由 5月起,本港多家餐廳將推出 為食起革命 菜式,多個烹飪示範、分享會及工作坊等亦將在不同地點舉行。簡介如下,欲知詳情請參閱:https://frd.asia/

1. 為食起革命 @ 理工大學 食物與餐飲 學院 (5月11日,星期六,內容:烹飪班)
2. 為食起革命 @ 港島東農墟 (5月5及12日,連續兩個星期日,內容:4 個分享會、3 個工作坊、2 個烹飪示範,包括由名廚余健志 (Jacky Yu) 及 陳彥琳 (Alvina Chan) 親自示範的烹飪活動)
3. 為食起革命 @ 長洲太平清醮 2013飄色巡遊 (5月17日,佛誕假期,內容:本港首次由外籍小朋友參與飄色,迷你版大廚Jamie Oliver及可愛小農夫將向在場三萬人傳遞 健康飲食 及 惜食香港 的訊息)
4. 為食起革命 @ 本港多家餐廳 (整個5月份,內容:期間限定 為食起革命 時令創意菜式)
5. 其他活動

是次活動是希望引發社會關注一連串飲食議題,包括健康飲食、珍惜食物等。我們認為吃本地食材、支持本土農業,長遠來說是保障港人食物安全,顧及環保及減低醫療負擔必需有的態度及政策。長期依賴內地輸入糧食只會持續引起糧食不安全,長期依賴加工食物亦只會增加更多癡肥症、糖尿病、心血管疾病等肥胖相關的疾病,危害香港人特別是下一代的健康。

為食起革命 香港 發起人 陳嘉惠表示:「內地有毒黑心食材如地溝油、農藥超標的水果及蔬菜及幾乎每天傳來的河水、農田、空氣污染、死豬死雞等新聞,已經令香港人接近無法忍受。本地農墟的興起及成功便見證了香港人對健康、無毒食物的需求及對輸入食物的憂慮。在保障環境的層面上,我們更應該思考如何善用本港土地去自給自足,減少長途運輸的碳排放並真正打造香港成為惜食香港,減少食物浪費及善用廚餘去協助本地城市、天台耕種。」

「我認為教育下一代健康飲食習慣和健康烹飪技巧是非常重要的,因這些知識建構了他們未來健康生活的基礎。」電視飲食節目主持及 “愛煮” 創辦人琳琳(Alvina)。

「廉價食品是一種罪行!一種對社會、人文、天然資源及地球不利的罪行。我們根本再付不起由廉價食品惹來的代價。」Mana!Fast Slow Food 餐廳老闆 Bobsy。

MUM Veggie + Coffee + Sweet亦表示是次支持 為食起革命是因為:「我們熱愛烹飪;我們尊重真食物;我們支持本地有機農莊。」

「我們都是獨一無二的。我們活在文化、經濟、時間和社會的種種約束之下。縱使我們一心想要健康,偏偏在日常生活上卻又時時做出錯誤的選擇。態度決定一切。要是一直被誤導,或只是採取淡然的態度,不如重新認識我們的社區,了解環境與日常,作出不同的嘗試 。」健康概念負責人Arlene Wu。

「耕種的原意就是生產食物,以維持人類生存的基本需要,我們相信,人類就是要重新與自然連繫,接觸泥土、保育泥土,才可以種出健康美味的食物,一起『為食起革命』!」『樸樂田』

「真正的生活態度就是擁抱所有正面的價值觀。沒有真正的食物,人根本不算是活著。」執嘢

– 完 –

有關《為食起革命》香港區大使及其社區
陳嘉惠 Beatrice Chan,《為食起革命》香港區義務工作大使
這是我第二年支持Jamie Oliver基金會的《為食起革命》運動。《為食起革命》在全球選出了多位義工代表去承諾推廣健康飲食及「真食物」(非加工食物),我很榮幸成為其中一份子。
2013年我希望把食物教育帶到社區及學校,繼續推廣本地及城市農耕的可持續性發展及發起一些珍惜食物、減少浪費的行動,當中包括支援食物銀行及減費活動,務求令香港甚至亞洲區的《為食起革命》更強大。
《為食起革命》香港區網頁:https://frd.asia/ | https://www.facebook.com/frd.asia

有關《為食起革命》
《為食起革命》是全球參與的飲食改革運動。活動主要是聯繫世界各地喜歡食物的有心人,讓大家去分享資訊、才能及資源,並傳遞各人的知識及去強調世界上各項重要的飲食議題。全球攜手便能喚起改變。《為食起革命》是關於聯繫你的社群,包括學校、餐廳及商業組織。《為食起革命》希望激起大家改變不良的飲食習慣及宣揚每個人都應該獲得更好的飲食教育。

有關Jamie Oliver與《為食起革命》
Jamie Oliver是《為食起革命》的發起人及發動全球過百萬人士參加《為食起革命》的靈魂人物。約在2010年,Jamie Oliver於ABC 電視台推出了一個新節目,名為 “為食起革命”(Food Revolution),Jamie Oliver以電視節目形式去改善學校膳食並在美國西維吉尼亞州的Huntington組織起社區廚房,以行動去教育當地人從基本步驟開始去烹調。縱然最初面對很多困難,但最後反應仍是很熱烈,之後更在洛杉磯展開第二季的節目,並在當地追蹤學校膳食及當地人的飲食習慣。後來Jamie Oliver 成立了非營利的Jamie Oliver飲食基金會,並於美國各地繼續激勵當地人為真食物站起來! 時至今日,為食起革命已演變成一個全球運動,通過全球的義工網絡散播至全球各地的社區,以推廣飲食教育及從基本入手烹調新鮮食物,以對抗愈益嚴重的癡肥問題及飲食相關的各類疾病。

PRESS RELEASE

Jamie Oliver’s Food Revolution to be kick-off in Hong Kong this May
Free cooking demo, sharing session to encourage making a right food choice and treasuring food resource

In response to the appeal from world-renowned chef and food educator Mr. Jamie Oliver (TED prize winner 2010), Hong Kong will join force with more than 62 countries to organize over 1,000 food concerned activities across the globe.

Food Revolution HK’s restaurant partners will offer special food menus in May in support of Food Revolution. Cooking demonstrations, sharing sessions and workshops will also be organized at different venues. Please find below the summary of the activities. If you wish to know the latest updates, please visit https://frd.asia/

1. Food Revolution @ the Food and Wine Academy, PolyU (11 May, Saturday, Cooking Class)
2. Food Revolution @ the Island East Markets (5 & 12 May, 2 Consecutive Sunday, 4 sharing, 3 workshops, 2 cooking demonstrations)
3. Food Revolution @ Cheung Chau’s Piu Sik Float Parade (17 May, Friday, Public Holiday, First time to have a non-Chinese kid to play a role at the traditional Piu Sik Float Parade. A mini “Jamie Oliver” & a cute little farmer will meet over 30,000 participants to help spread the message of healthy diet and no food wastage)
4. Food Revolution @ Local Restaurants (in May, partner restaurants to launch their seasonal creative Food Revolution menu)
5. Other activities

Food Revolution aims to arouse discussion on various food topics, including healthy diet and treasuring the food resources. We believe in the long run, to support local farming and consuming local food will not only protect local food security but also to be more environmental friendly and help reduce the medical liability. Food insecurity will affect us forever if we rely on the imported food from mainland China. Our health, especially the health of our next generation, will be endangered if we keep relying on processed food.

Beatrice Chan, voluntary ambassador of the Food Revolution HK said, “Hong Kong people have suffered enough for the mainland imported toxic food. From swill oil, pesticides’ fruit and veggies to the news about the pollution of river, soil even the air. We want a change. The success of the local farmer markets has proved that Hong Kong people are concerned about their health and there is a huge demand on toxic-free food and the worry on imported food is obvious. At the environment level, we should also think about how to utilize our land resource to make Hong Kong a self-sustainable place and gradually reduce more carbon emission from food transportation. We also have to help build Hong Kong as a truly no food waste city by utilizing our food waste and food resources as well as to support the city and rooftop farming with the food waste’s fertilizer.”

What our supporters said:
“I believe educating our children on healthy diet & healthy cooking is an important priority, as this forms the basis for our children to stay healthy!” Alvina Chan, Founder of Alvina Cookery, TVB Culinary Show Host

“Cheap food is a crime! A crime against Society, Humanity, our Natural Resources & our Planet. We simply can no longer afford cheap food.” Bobsy @ Mana!Fast Slow Food

“We LOVE cooking; We RESPECT to real food; We SUPPORT small local organic farm.” MUM Veggie + Coffee + Sweet

“We are all unique. We live in our own cultural, economic, time and social constraints. Despite our best intentions we sometimes make the wrong daily decisions with our food and environment choices. This is okay. Awareness and attempts to better our nutrition with our environment are more important than being misinformed or just indifferent.” Arlene Wu, Health Concept

“Farming is all about food production in order to maintain human needs of survival. P Farmland believes that we all have to return to nature and put our hands in soil, growing the natural taste of food. Let’s join “Food Revolution”!” P-Farmland

“A real cool lifestyle is about all positive values, and without REAL FOOD, one is not living at all.” Jupyeah

About the Ambassador and their community
Beatrice says: “The Food Revolution has selected a number of volunteers from around the world who showed a deep commitment to real food and I’m thrilled to be one of them.”
“In 2013, we will work with partners to deliver food education, talks related to food issues, sustainability (local & urban farming) and take action on ‘anti-food waste’.
Food Revolution Hong Kong: https://frd.asia/ | https://www.facebook.com/frd.asia

About the Food Revolution
The Food Revolution is a global movement that allows people who love food to come together to share information, talents and resources and also to pass on their knowledge and highlight the world’s food issues. All around the globe, people work together to make a difference. The Food Revolution is about connecting with your community in schools, restaurants and local businesses. We want to inspire change in people’s food habits and to promote the mission for better food and education for everyone.

About Jamie Oliver and the Food Revolution
Jamie Oliver is the founder and driving force who inspired millions around the world to join the Food Revolution.In 2010, as part of the ABC TV series, Jamie’s Food Revolution, Jamie worked to improve school food and set up a community kitchen in Huntington, West Virginia to teach people how to cook from scratch.