不同蘿蔔的好處 Benefits of different Radishs

radish

蘿蔔種類繁多,而且不同蘿蔔有不同功效,蘿蔔不但含有豐富的營養物質,還具有很多食療作用,現在為大家介紹4種蘿蔔的好處。

1. 吃白蘿蔔可化痰

白蘿蔔含水分90%以上,可促進胃腸蠕動,促進大便排出。中醫認為蘿蔔性涼,可化痰清熱。應提醒的是,白蘿蔔最好生吃或涼拌,而且蘿蔔皮中礦物質和維生素的含量也較高,食用時最好不要丟棄。

2. 紅心蘿蔔能減肥

這種蘿蔔所含熱量較少,纖維素較多,吃後易產生飽脹感,有助於減肥。它還富含花青素,具有抗氧化功能。含有這種色素的蔬菜,經酸漬後可使其顏色更加鮮紅。紅心蘿蔔最好是涼拌食用,選購時也要挑水分多的。

3. 吃青蘿蔔可利尿

青蘿蔔上部甘甜少辣味,至尾部辣味漸增,極耐貯藏。它性微涼,味甘,順氣利尿的效果很好,是典型的生食品種,也稱“水果蘿蔔”。

4. 吃胡蘿蔔能促進生長

胡蘿蔔中含有豐富的β胡蘿蔔素,在人體內可以轉化為維生素A,能有效改善眼睛疲勞和眼睛幹澀的問題。此外,這種物質還是骨骼正常生長的必需物質,對促進嬰幼兒的發育具有重要意義。胡蘿蔔最好要熟吃,由於它里邊含有脂溶性維生素,生吃可造成大部分胡蘿蔔素不能被人體吸收。因此最好將胡蘿蔔切成塊與肉類一起用高壓鍋燉食,以提高胡蘿蔔素的吸收率。

Radishes come in a variety of colors, shapes and sizes, with mildly pungent to peppery hot flavor. The older the radish, the hotter it becomes. Different types of radish hold unique nutritions which have different effects towards our bodies. Radish is not only rich in nutrients, but is also plays an important therapeutic role.

1. White Radish  help release the phlegm symptoms

The white radish contain more than 90% of water, which helps gastrointestinal peristalsis. White radishes are moderately high in Vitamin C, carotene and contain properties that appear to be beneficial for symptoms of colds, flu, fever, cough, respiratory problems, and digestive disorders. And Radishes can aid digestion, dissolve phlegm, and reinforce energy as well as clear a stuffy nose, ease sore joints, even help you sober up.

2 Red Radish to lose weight

Red radishes are known for their anti bacterial and anti fungal properties. They belong to the cabbage family, and have vitamin C, potassium, sodium and traces of other minerals. They are low in saturated fat and very low in cholesterol, and are a good source of riboflavin, vitamin B6, calcium, magnesium, copper, manganese. Red radishes are an excellent source of dietary fiber, folate, vitamin C and potassium, and can be helpful in natural weight loss. After eating them, one will feel full for longer.

3 Green Radish serves as diuretic

Upper part of the green radish is sweet yet a little bit spicy, and it will taste more spicy when reaching to the tail. From Chinese medication point of view, its cold nature makes it serves as diuretic, stimulating and help to clear the sinuses.

4. Carrots to help growth 

Carrots are rich in beta carotene, which will convert to vitamin A in the human body, which can effectively improve the situation of tired eyes. In addition, beta carotene is an essential substances needed by bones, so they are particularly important to children.  Best served as well cooked,  as carrots contain  fat-soluble vitamins, by serving in raw some nutritions can not be absorbed by the body.

Source: 新浪中醫

Image:  funforsharing 

動手種二十天蘿蔔 Plant Your Radish

radish

櫻桃蘿蔔的優點在於短時間就能採收,亦即播種後約20∼30天就能採收,故在日本又稱為「二十天蘿蔔」。色彩豐富的櫻桃蘿蔔,其形狀也充滿變化,如:圓形、圓筒形等,可說是一種不需花費太多精神,就能輕鬆栽培的蔬菜。

準備用品

  • 櫻桃蘿蔔種子
  • 長型花盆
  • 盆底網
  • 盆底石
  • 蔬菜用培養土

肥料種植要項
基本上,櫻桃蘿蔔整年都能播種,但夏天時偶爾會出現葉子過大,而導致根莖發育不全的情形。因此最佳的播種時期為3∼5月以及9∼10月,發芽後即可移至日照充足的地方,春天時則要特別注意蚜蟲與小菜蛾等蟲害。

發芽適溫:15∼30℃
栽培重點:18∼22℃

Steps
• 需以條播方式播種,因此需準備長型花盆,在花盆底部鋪上盆底網與盆底石或發泡煉石,直到看不見盆底為止。
• 倒入蔬菜用培養土。若培養土未事先添加肥料,則施予固態肥料作為基肥。
• 倒入培養土時,需留下約3∼4公分的灌水空間,並澆灌充足的水分,直到盆底流出水。
• 以竹棒或手指挖出一條筆直的播種用條狀溝槽,長型花盆多可畫出兩條溝槽,溝槽間需保持6公分間距。
• 逐一播下種子,每粒種子間需間隔1∼2公分,播種時盡量別讓種子重疊。為避免土壤乾燥,可在發芽前蓋上一層報紙預防水分蒸散。
• 播種後2∼3天即會發芽,發芽後便可移至陽光充足的地方。
• 發芽後一週會開始長出本葉,枝芽也會逐漸茂密,這時即可進行疏苗。
• 本葉逐漸成長,待長至4∼5片左右時,可再度疏苗,讓植株間留下約5公分間距。
• 疏苗後,在植株四周追加土壤,以強化並固定植株。
• 播種後約3週時,施予固態肥料。
• 開始長出葉子,莖也逐漸變粗,此時若土壤乾燥,即需立刻澆灌充足水分,因為一旦水分不足,櫻桃蘿蔔就會變得又硬又彎。
• 長出本葉後,可以每隔10天施予液態肥料。
• 播種後約1個月,一旦植株的根部開始膨脹外露,就表示可以收成了。

Fast, crisp, easy-to-grow spring and fall radishes sown directly in the garden are ready to eat in less than a month! For best quality, grow them in cool weather, keep the soil constantly moist and harvest them as soon as the roots become plump. Radishes grow best when temperatures range between 18 -22 degrees celsius.

Steps

•  When preparing the planting bed, loosen the soil 6 to 10 inches deep, and mix in good compost or well-rotted manure.
•  Sow seeds a half inch deep and 1 inch apart, in rows spaced 12 inches apart.
•  Seeds typically sprout in three to seven days when sown in soil. Once sprouts can be seen, place the plot somewhere with more sunlight.
•  It takes another week to have the leaves grown. When there are about 4-5 leaves per seed, reposition them to 2 inches apart.
•  Add soil to protect and keep the plants in good position.
•  3 weeks after seeding may add solid form fertilisers.
•  Keep the soil constantly moist while radishes are growing. Cool, moist soil is the key to growing a good crop.
•  When the plants grow stronger and taller, add fluid fertilisers in every 10 days.
•  In about a month time, the roots are going to expose to the surface and the radishes are ready

Source: Go.Asia