高鹽飲食兒童易高血壓 Children’s diets ‘far too salty’

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高鹽兒童易高血壓

低鹽飲食應從小開始。英國有關注血壓健康的組織調查當地340名、5至17歲兒童及青少年的飲食習慣,並檢驗尿液樣本,了解身體吸收多少鹽份。結果發現,整體有七成受訪者每日攝取過多鹽份。其中5至6歲兒童平均攝取3.75克鹽,比每日攝取上限3克鹽為多。
至於13至17歲青少年每日則平均攝取7.55克鹽,比每日攝取上限6克鹽為多。男童相比女童攝取較多鹽份。
專家指受訪兒童所攝取的鹽份,主要來自麵包、穀類食物,建議家長多留意子女食物的鹽份含量,有關製造商也要為兒童食品減鹽。兒童長期攝取過量鹽份,可提早患上高血壓,長遠增加心血管疾病風險。

資料來源:蘋果日報

Children’s diets ‘far too salty’

Children should eat less than a teaspoon of salt a day, but 70% of the 340 children in the study published in Hypertension ate more than this.

Breads and cereals accounted for more than one-third of the salt in children’s diets. A fifth came from meat and one-tenth from dairy products.

The study authors say efforts must be redoubled because salt increases the risk of high blood pressure from a very young age, and high blood pressure can lead to heart disease and stroke.

Processed foods
For the research, they asked the parents of the 340 children to keep a detailed food diary and take photos of all foods and beverages their child consumed, as well as any leftovers. At the same time, the investigators analysed urine samples from the children to get an objective measure of salt intake.

On average, five and six-year-old children in the study consumed 3.75g of salt a day – more than the recommended 3g maximum.

Eight and nine-year olds consumed 4.72g a day – within their 5g limit.

Thirteen to 17-year-olds consumed 7.55g a day – more than the 6g limit

Boys tended to have higher salt intake than girls, particularly in the older and younger groups – about 1g higher per day in 5 to 6-year-olds, and 2.5g per day higher in 13 to 17-year-olds.

Much of the salt consumed was from processed foods rather than added at the table.

Source and Full Report: BBC 

Photo: MamaFaMi

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