基本比薩 Basic Pizza

Serves: 8

材料 INGREDIENTS
麵團 For the dough
4¼杯白麵包粉或
2¼杯白麵包麵粉+粗粉麵粉2杯
4 ¼ cups white bread flour or
2 ¼ cups white bread flour and 2 cups semolina flour
1茶匙海鹽 ¼盎司酵母 1¼ teaspoons fine sea salt ¼ oz. envelope active dried yeast
紅糖1湯匙 1 tablespoon brown sugar
1¾杯溫水 1¾ cups lukewarm water
2茶匙 橄欖油 2 teaspoons olive oil, for greasing the bowl and the pan
經典醬料(3杯) For the classic sauce (Makes 3 cups)
新鮮羅勒的一小束 A small bunch of fresh basil
1隻洋蔥,切粒 1 yellow onion, diced
2小瓣蒜 2 small cloves garlic
1條 辣椒(怕辣的可去籽) 1 serrano or jalapeno chile (minus the seeds if you like less heat; optional)
1湯匙橄欖油 1 tablespoon olive oil
28盎司的西紅柿 28-ounce can diced tomatoes
配料(4塊比薩) Topping (for 4 pizzas):
1杯經典番茄醬,用攪拌機攪拌 1 cup Classic tomato sauce, whizzed in a blender
6盎司切片新鮮馬蘇里拉芝士 6 ounces sliced fresh mozzarella cheese

做法  METHOD

麵團 Make the dough

  • 麵粉和鹽堆放到一個乾淨的表面上,中間預留一個7英寸空間。加入溫水、酵母和糖拌勻。
    Pile the flour and salt on to a clean surface and make a 7-inch well in the center. Add your yeast and sugar to the lukewarm water, mix up with a fork and leave for a few minutes, then pour into the well.
  • 用叉子協助,慢慢地把麵粉從外搓到內和水混合。看起來像很杰身的燕麥糊 – 一直搓至麵團變硬,叉子不能插入,這時把手沾上麵粉,把麵團搓成球狀。
    Using a fork and a circular movement, slowly bring in the flour from the inner edge of the well and mix into the water. It will look like thick oatmeal – continue to mix, bringing in all the flour. When the dough comes together and becomes too hard to mix with your fork, flour your hands and begin to pat it into a ball.
  • 前後滾動麵團,用左手將麵團向著自己的方向伸展,右手同時把麵團向外推。 重複動作約10分鐘,直到麵團變得光滑、柔軟、有彈性。
    Knead the dough by rolling it backward and forward, using your left hand to stretch the dough toward you and your right hand to push the dough away from you at the same time. Repeat this for 10 minutes, until you have a smooth, springy, soft dough.
  • 把麵團放到一個抹了油的碗。用廚房毛巾或保鮮膜覆蓋,讓其發大兩倍,需時約45分鐘。
    Place the dough in a lightly greased bowl. Cover with a kitchen towel or plastic wrap and let double in size for about 45 minutes.

製作醬料Make the sauce

  • 把較細的紫蘇葉取下待用。洋蔥和蒜去皮,切碎。辣椒切絲。
    Pick the basil leaves, keeping any smaller ones to one side for later. Peel and finely chop the onion and the garlic. Finely slice the chile.
  • 接著以中火把一個大平底鍋加熱,加橄欖油。洋蔥下鍋攪拌約7分鐘,直到軟身和稍作金黃色。
    Next, heat a large frying pan on a medium heat and add a lug of olive oil. Add your onion to the frying pan and stir for around 7 minutes or until softened and lightly golden.
  • 再加入蒜和辣椒,當顏色都變紅時加入羅勒葉。要加入西紅柿煮15分鐘,直至醬身變厚。放在一旁備用。Then add your garlic and chile, and as soon as they start to get some color add the large basil leaves. Add the tomatoes and continue to cook for another 15 minutes or until sauce has thickened. Set aside until ready to use.

製作比薩Make the pizza

  • 將麵團平勻分為8小球。表面沾上麵粉,用保鮮膜覆蓋,把麵團放置約15分鐘。這將使得更容易推得更薄。
    Punch the dough down and divide in half. Wrap one half in plastic wrap and freeze for another batch (see Jamie’s tips above). With the other half, divide the dough into 4 balls. Flour and cover each ball with plastic wrap, and let it rest for about 15 minutes. This will make it easier to roll it thinly.
  •  取麵團,枱面和麵團灑上少許麵粉,滾成一個約1/4英寸厚的粗圈出來。撕下一塊大小適當的鍚紙,塗上橄欖油,灑上少許麵粉,予放置比薩。灑上少許麵粉可以將麵團堆放一起,用保鮮膜覆蓋,然後並把它們在冰箱。
    Take a piece of the dough, dust your surface and the dough with a little flour or semolina, and roll it out into a rough circle about 1/4 inch thick. Tear off an appropriately sized piece of aluminum foil, rub it with olive oil, dust it well with flour or semolina, and place the pizza base on top. Continue doing the same with the other pieces and then, if you dust them with a little flour, you can pile them up into a stack, cover them with plastic wrap, and put them in the fridge.
  • 預熱烤箱至500°F。
    When you’re ready to cook them, preheat your oven to 500°F.
  • 把推開了的麵團放在已塗油的烤盤上。這時候你可以為比薩加置配料。將¼杯醬料倒在麵團上推至邊緣位置。隨意灑下芝士片。烤7至10分鐘,直至比薩金黃酥脆。
    Put two of the rolled-out dough rounds onto each of two oiled baking sheets. At this stage you can apply your topping. Spread ¼ cup of the sauce over each piece of dough and spread it out to the edges. Tear up the slices of cheese and scatter them over the sauce. Cook for 7 to 10 minutes, until the pizzas are golden and crispy.

More about this recipe:  http://www.jamieoliver.com/us/foundation/jamies-food-revolution/recipes/BASIC_PIZZA 

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