蜂蜜以外 More than Honey

紀錄片《More Than Honey》 由 Markus Imhoof  執導。Mark  走遍四大洲,訪問科學家和蜜蜂養殖者,探討有關蜜蜂場的現況。「假如蜜蜂從地球上消失,人類將只能多活4年。」蜜蜂的死亡錄得破紀錄的數字,然而科學家未找到背後的原因。蜜蜂對人類的生活,尤其是食物鏈上,擔當著很重要的角色。我們所吃的食物,超過三分一是靠蜜蜂傳播花粉來繁忙的。然而今天蜜蜂的死亡錄得破紀錄的數字,科學家未找到背後的原因。

<More Than Honey> is a documentary by Markus Imhoof who travelled to four continents in order to interview scientists and bee-keepers about having bee farms.

Bees are important pollinators that pollinate the vegetables and fruits that we consume. They pollinate over a third of the fruits and veggies that we eat. Not to mention the fact they are also important in chemical-agriculture and especially in honey-manufacturing. However, over the past years, the number of bees are dropping even with scientists not being sure why.

“If bees were to disappear from the globe…mankind would have four years left to live.” These words, was quoted in the film. 

Imhoof made this documentary in order to share his fears of the dropping numbers of bees; hereon, he introduces the audience with a bee-keeper having 15,000 bee hives. The documentary also offers close-in shots of bees hatching and feeding one another that allows the viewers to a deeper view of the bees than they have encountered in their lives.

從表面上看,過度使用農藥和病毒及真菌的生長的確威脅蜜蜂的存在。Mark 說,越來越多的蜜蜂死亡,不僅是由以上原因引起,還有是文明的進步和繁榮,以及其他自然因素,如森林砍伐、氣候變化和生物多樣性的喪失,加起來才形成現在的問題也。

要解決蜜蜂瀕臨絕種的問題,Mark  提到透過培育非洲剎人蜂( Africanized killer bees)也許是一個方法。非洲剎人蜂雖然相當危險,但基於他們擁有良好的免疫系統,將有助蜜蜂繁殖,避免蜜蜂絕種。

It seemed that the overuse of pesticides and the growth of viruses and fungi are threatening the existence of bees. More Than Honey not only shows the positive sight of these creatures but also the negative side; bees being crushed by mechanical loaders and being eaten by destructive mites. However, Imhoof said that the increasing death of bees are not only caused by the following but because of the advancement and prosperity of civilization as well. Other natural factors like deforestation, climate change and loss of biodiversity also add up to the faults.
However, Imhoof is quite optimistic that the Africanized killer bees will help to avoid the complete dropping in numbers of bees as their immune system is intact. Although they could be quite dangerous, Imhoof is hopeful that by breeding them the population of bees will remain constant.

Source:  Go.Asia
Special Credit: Jianne Soriano

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