蒙古減鹽救高血壓國民 high blood pressure & salt intake

high_blood_pressure

每天吸取多少鹽分直接影響你的血壓指數。血管的壓力愈高,心臟愈難泵血。如果血壓愈高,身體便會出現一連串不同的毛病,最後心臟更會衰竭。

位於蒙古的國家公眾健康中心向國民進行了一個調查,希望知道國民吸收的鹽量。結果顯示國民平均每日吸收11.1克的鹽量,比WHO建議的每日5克高 出兩倍,每日5克其實只是一茶匙的份量。五份之一的受訪者不知道那一些食物產品含有高鹽量,以差不多40%的受訪者患有高血壓。

報告出版後,數家蒙古公司立即進行減鹽行動,在公司飯堂減少使用鹽類煮食,令工人減少吸收鹽分。

How much salt you consume is one of the factors that impacts on your blood pressure. The higher the pressure in your blood vessels, the harder your heart has to work in order to pump blood. If left uncontrolled, high blood pressure may lead to a range of health problems and eventually heart failure.

The National Centre for Public Health in Mongolia wanted to know how much salt their people consume and carried out a survey. In turned out that the average daily salt intake was 11.1 g, more than twice the WHO-recommended limit of 5 g per day – which corresponds to just under a teaspoon from all food sources. One fifth of the people they surveyed did not know which food products were high in salt content. Almost 40% of the participants had high blood pressure.

As a result of the study, several Mongolian companies took the initiative of reducing the salt intake for their workers by cutting the salt content of meals in the workers’ kitchens.

你又知道平日進食的食物當中,有那些是較高鹽分的嗎?

Foods high in salt

高鹽的食物 (大部份為加工食物)

Bacon 煙肉 (培根)、Salami義大利蒜味香腸 (莎樂美香腸/薩拉米香腸)、Cheese 芝士 (乳酪)、Salted Nuts 鹽味花生、Salted Fish 咸魚、Sausages 香腸、 Salty Condiments (Soy Sauce & Fish Sauce) 鹽味調味品 (豉油、魚露)、Pickles醃漬食品、Stock Cubes (高湯)

另外有一些食物也可能含有相當高的鹽分,平日應該多留意食物營養標籤選擇一些較低鹽的

Bread 麵包、Soup 湯、Pasta Sauces 意粉醬汁、Crisps油炸食物、Ketchup, Mayonnaise and other sauces (茄汁、蛋黃醬/美乃滋及其他醬料)、Pizza薄餅/比薩、Cup Noodles 杯麵、Breakfast Cereals穀類早餐

The full story and more from the WHO Regional Office of the Western Pacific for World Health Day 2013 here: http://www.wpro.who.int/world_health_day/2013/high_blood_pressure_brochure_wpr.pdf

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