2013國際藜麥年 International Year of Quinoa

Quinoa

國際藜麥年啟動:聯合國慶祝安第斯的「超級食物」 

LAUNCH OF THE INTERNATIONAL YEAR OF QUINOA: UN celebrates Andean “super food”

國際藜麥年啟動:聯合國慶祝安第斯的「超級食物」

「藜麥 (Quinoa) 在消除饑餓、營養不良和貧困中發揮重要作用!」聯合國糧食及農業組織 (FAO) 總幹事若澤•格拉濟阿諾•達席爾瓦 (José Graziano da Silva) 在紐約聯合國總部國際藜麥年啟動儀式上說。

聯合國秘書長潘基文 (Ban Ki-moon)、玻利維亞總統和秘魯第一夫人等出席了啟動禮當天的一系列活動,慶祝這種營養價值高、富含蛋白質和微量營養素,像穀物一樣的安第斯「超級食物」。

「今天我們招攬了一位新盟友加入我們對抗饑餓和糧食不安全的鬥爭,它就是藜麥!」格拉濟阿諾•達席爾瓦在談到這一作物獨特的營養特性和適應性時說。

藜麥是含有全部氨基酸、微量元素和維生素的唯一一種糧食作物,並且可以適應不同的生態環境和氣候。它耐旱、耐貧瘠和高鹽鹼土壤,可以種植在從海平面到海拔4000米的範圍,能夠承受 -8℃至38℃的溫度。

當世界面臨挑戰,在不斷變化的氣候條件下生產更多優質食物來養活越來越多的人口之際,藜麥為那些受糧食不安全影響的國家提供了另一個食物來源。

總幹事指出,這種作物在肯雅和馬里已經顯示出高產特性,而且糧農組織的初步研究表明,也可以在喜馬拉雅山區、印度北部平原、非洲薩赫勒地區、也門和世界其他乾旱地區發展藜麥生產。

來自安第斯的禮物

「這種非凡的穀物已經成為數千年來千百萬安第斯人的一種文化根基和主食,」聯合國秘書長潘基文說。「藜麥正待獲得全球的認可。」

秘書長還強調了藜麥在他的「零饑餓挑戰」框架內的作用,這不僅僅是因為它的營養價值,而且還因為目前種植藜麥的大多是小農戶

「這一作物寄託著增加收入的希望,而增加收入是‘零饑餓挑戰’的一項重要內容,」潘基文說。

他指出,許多南美洲國家在實現饑餓人口減半的千年發展目標上取得重大進展,不僅提高產量,而且還減少貧困和增加獲得諸如藜麥這樣有營養食物的機會。

在安第斯的前哥倫布文明時期,藜麥具有重要的營養意義,是僅次於馬鈴薯的作物。傳統上,藜麥籽粒經烘烤後可製成烤麵包的麵粉。它也可以煮著吃,添加到湯中,用作麥片、麵食,甚至發酵後製作成啤酒或安第斯地區的傳統飲料吉開酒。

如今,藜麥進入了美食廚房,而且在製藥和其他工業領域發揮作用。藜麥栽培現在已經擴展到安第斯以外的地區 – 除了玻利維亞、秘魯、厄瓜多爾、智利、哥倫比亞和阿根廷以外 – 它還種植在美國、加拿大、法國、英國、瑞典、丹麥、義大利、肯雅和印度。

莫拉萊斯總統說,「藜麥是安第斯人民祖先傳下的禮物。」他強調指出,作為保管人,土著人在超過7000年的時間裡為保管這一作物發揮了重要作用。

Quinoa can play an important role in eradicating hunger, malnutrition and poverty, FAO Director-General José Graziano da Silva said today at the official launch of the International Year of Quinoa at UN Headquarters.

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, President Evo Morales of Bolivia and First Lady Nadine Heredia Alarcón de Humala of Peru were among the high-level participants in a day-long series of events celebrating the Andean “super food”, a highly nutritious, cereal-like crop that is rich in protein and micronutrients.

“Today we are here to recruit a new ally in the fight against hunger and food insecurity –quinoa,” said Graziano da Silva, citing the crop’s unique nutritional characteristics and adaptability.

Quinoa is the only plant food that has all the essential amino acids, trace elements and vitamins, and also has the ability to adapt to different ecological environments and climates. Resistant to drought, poor soils and high salinity, it can be grown from sea level to an altitude of four thousand meters and can withstand temperatures between -8 and 38 degrees Celsius.

As the world faces the challenge of increasing the production of quality food to feed a growing population in a changing climate, quinoa offers an alternative food source for those countries suffering from food insecurity.

In Kenya and Mali, the crop is already showing high yields, the Director-General said, and initial FAO studies indicate that quinoa production could also be developed in the Himalayas, the plains of northern India, the Sahel, Yemen and other arid regions of the world.

Gift from the Andes

“This extraordinary grain has been a cultural anchor and a staple in the diet of millions of people throughout the Andes for thousands of years,” UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said. “Quinoa is now poised for global recognition.”

The Secretary-General also highlighted the potential role of quinoa within the framework of his Zero Hunger Challenge, not only because of its nutritional value but also because most quinoa is currently produced by smallholder farmers.

“The crop holds the promise of improved incomes – a key plank of the Zero Hunger Challenge,” Ban said.

He noted that many countries in South America are making strong progress toward meeting the Millennium Development Goal of reducing hunger by half, not only by increasing production, but also by reducing poverty and increasing access to nutritious food like quinoa.

Quinoa was of great nutritional importance to pre-Colombian Andean civilizations, second only to the potato. Traditionally, quinoa grains are roasted and then made into flour for bread. It can also be cooked, added to soups, used as a cereal, as pasta and even fermented into beer or chicha, the traditional drink of the Andes.

Today, quinoa has found a place in the gourmet kitchen and a role in the pharmaceutical and other industries. Cultivation of quinoa now extends beyond the Andean region and – besides Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Chile, Colombia and Argentina – it is also produced in the United States, Canada, France, the United Kingdom, Sweden, Denmark, Italy, Kenya and India.

“Quinoa is an ancestral gift of the Andean people,” President Morales said, highlighting the important role of indigenous people as custodians of the crop for more than 7000 years.

資料來源 Source:2013國際藜麥年秘書處 International Year of Quinoa Secretariat

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