2013國際藜麥年 International Year of Quinoa





「藜麥 (Quinoa) 在消除饑餓、營養不良和貧困中發揮重要作用!」聯合國糧食及農業組織 (FAO) 總幹事若澤•格拉濟阿諾•達席爾瓦 (José Graziano da Silva) 在紐約聯合國總部國際藜麥年啟動儀式上說。

聯合國秘書長潘基文 (Ban Ki-moon)、玻利維亞總統和秘魯第一夫人等出席了啟動禮當天的一系列活動,慶祝這種營養價值高、富含蛋白質和微量營養素,像穀物一樣的安第斯「超級食物」。


藜麥是含有全部氨基酸、微量元素和維生素的唯一一種糧食作物,並且可以適應不同的生態環境和氣候。它耐旱、耐貧瘠和高鹽鹼土壤,可以種植在從海平面到海拔4000米的範圍,能夠承受 -8℃至38℃的溫度。









如今,藜麥進入了美食廚房,而且在製藥和其他工業領域發揮作用。藜麥栽培現在已經擴展到安第斯以外的地區 – 除了玻利維亞、秘魯、厄瓜多爾、智利、哥倫比亞和阿根廷以外 – 它還種植在美國、加拿大、法國、英國、瑞典、丹麥、義大利、肯雅和印度。


Quinoa can play an important role in eradicating hunger, malnutrition and poverty, FAO Director-General José Graziano da Silva said today at the official launch of the International Year of Quinoa at UN Headquarters.

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, President Evo Morales of Bolivia and First Lady Nadine Heredia Alarcón de Humala of Peru were among the high-level participants in a day-long series of events celebrating the Andean “super food”, a highly nutritious, cereal-like crop that is rich in protein and micronutrients.

“Today we are here to recruit a new ally in the fight against hunger and food insecurity –quinoa,” said Graziano da Silva, citing the crop’s unique nutritional characteristics and adaptability.

Quinoa is the only plant food that has all the essential amino acids, trace elements and vitamins, and also has the ability to adapt to different ecological environments and climates. Resistant to drought, poor soils and high salinity, it can be grown from sea level to an altitude of four thousand meters and can withstand temperatures between -8 and 38 degrees Celsius.

As the world faces the challenge of increasing the production of quality food to feed a growing population in a changing climate, quinoa offers an alternative food source for those countries suffering from food insecurity.

In Kenya and Mali, the crop is already showing high yields, the Director-General said, and initial FAO studies indicate that quinoa production could also be developed in the Himalayas, the plains of northern India, the Sahel, Yemen and other arid regions of the world.

Gift from the Andes

“This extraordinary grain has been a cultural anchor and a staple in the diet of millions of people throughout the Andes for thousands of years,” UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said. “Quinoa is now poised for global recognition.”

The Secretary-General also highlighted the potential role of quinoa within the framework of his Zero Hunger Challenge, not only because of its nutritional value but also because most quinoa is currently produced by smallholder farmers.

“The crop holds the promise of improved incomes – a key plank of the Zero Hunger Challenge,” Ban said.

He noted that many countries in South America are making strong progress toward meeting the Millennium Development Goal of reducing hunger by half, not only by increasing production, but also by reducing poverty and increasing access to nutritious food like quinoa.

Quinoa was of great nutritional importance to pre-Colombian Andean civilizations, second only to the potato. Traditionally, quinoa grains are roasted and then made into flour for bread. It can also be cooked, added to soups, used as a cereal, as pasta and even fermented into beer or chicha, the traditional drink of the Andes.

Today, quinoa has found a place in the gourmet kitchen and a role in the pharmaceutical and other industries. Cultivation of quinoa now extends beyond the Andean region and – besides Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Chile, Colombia and Argentina – it is also produced in the United States, Canada, France, the United Kingdom, Sweden, Denmark, Italy, Kenya and India.

“Quinoa is an ancestral gift of the Andean people,” President Morales said, highlighting the important role of indigenous people as custodians of the crop for more than 7000 years.

資料來源 Source:2013國際藜麥年秘書處 International Year of Quinoa Secretariat

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