動手種二十天蘿蔔 Plant Your Radish

radish

櫻桃蘿蔔的優點在於短時間就能採收,亦即播種後約20∼30天就能採收,故在日本又稱為「二十天蘿蔔」。色彩豐富的櫻桃蘿蔔,其形狀也充滿變化,如:圓形、圓筒形等,可說是一種不需花費太多精神,就能輕鬆栽培的蔬菜。

準備用品

  • 櫻桃蘿蔔種子
  • 長型花盆
  • 盆底網
  • 盆底石
  • 蔬菜用培養土

肥料種植要項
基本上,櫻桃蘿蔔整年都能播種,但夏天時偶爾會出現葉子過大,而導致根莖發育不全的情形。因此最佳的播種時期為3∼5月以及9∼10月,發芽後即可移至日照充足的地方,春天時則要特別注意蚜蟲與小菜蛾等蟲害。

發芽適溫:15∼30℃
栽培重點:18∼22℃

Steps
• 需以條播方式播種,因此需準備長型花盆,在花盆底部鋪上盆底網與盆底石或發泡煉石,直到看不見盆底為止。
• 倒入蔬菜用培養土。若培養土未事先添加肥料,則施予固態肥料作為基肥。
• 倒入培養土時,需留下約3∼4公分的灌水空間,並澆灌充足的水分,直到盆底流出水。
• 以竹棒或手指挖出一條筆直的播種用條狀溝槽,長型花盆多可畫出兩條溝槽,溝槽間需保持6公分間距。
• 逐一播下種子,每粒種子間需間隔1∼2公分,播種時盡量別讓種子重疊。為避免土壤乾燥,可在發芽前蓋上一層報紙預防水分蒸散。
• 播種後2∼3天即會發芽,發芽後便可移至陽光充足的地方。
• 發芽後一週會開始長出本葉,枝芽也會逐漸茂密,這時即可進行疏苗。
• 本葉逐漸成長,待長至4∼5片左右時,可再度疏苗,讓植株間留下約5公分間距。
• 疏苗後,在植株四周追加土壤,以強化並固定植株。
• 播種後約3週時,施予固態肥料。
• 開始長出葉子,莖也逐漸變粗,此時若土壤乾燥,即需立刻澆灌充足水分,因為一旦水分不足,櫻桃蘿蔔就會變得又硬又彎。
• 長出本葉後,可以每隔10天施予液態肥料。
• 播種後約1個月,一旦植株的根部開始膨脹外露,就表示可以收成了。

Fast, crisp, easy-to-grow spring and fall radishes sown directly in the garden are ready to eat in less than a month! For best quality, grow them in cool weather, keep the soil constantly moist and harvest them as soon as the roots become plump. Radishes grow best when temperatures range between 18 -22 degrees celsius.

Steps

•  When preparing the planting bed, loosen the soil 6 to 10 inches deep, and mix in good compost or well-rotted manure.
•  Sow seeds a half inch deep and 1 inch apart, in rows spaced 12 inches apart.
•  Seeds typically sprout in three to seven days when sown in soil. Once sprouts can be seen, place the plot somewhere with more sunlight.
•  It takes another week to have the leaves grown. When there are about 4-5 leaves per seed, reposition them to 2 inches apart.
•  Add soil to protect and keep the plants in good position.
•  3 weeks after seeding may add solid form fertilisers.
•  Keep the soil constantly moist while radishes are growing. Cool, moist soil is the key to growing a good crop.
•  When the plants grow stronger and taller, add fluid fertilisers in every 10 days.
•  In about a month time, the roots are going to expose to the surface and the radishes are ready

Source: Go.Asia

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